How to Wedge an Axe Handle

Whether you have just found yourself with a damaged or broken ax handle or are simply looking for an effective way to replace yours for whatever reason, wedging the handle quickly is the key. Wedging an axe handle not only ensures its stability against continued use but can also be done in relatively short order with simple tools and without having to make trips to specialty stores.

How to Wedge an Axe Handle

In this article, we will go through all the steps required how to wedge an axe handle so that your project will be successful and your tool long-lasting!

Tools and Materials You Will Need to Wedge an Axe Handle

  1. Axe Handle
  2. Wedge or wedge-like object (e.g., a screwdriver)
  3. Hammer
  4. Drill
  5. Sandpaper or a file

Step by Step Guidelines on How to Wedge an Axe Handle

Step 1: Prepare the Axe Handle and Wedge

Before you begin wedging, it is important that the handle be properly prepared. Start by cleaning the surface of the handle with sandpaper or a file to remove any dirt or debris. This will allow for a more successful bond between the axe head and the handle. Preparing the wedge is also important, as you want to make sure it is not too thick or thin for your axe handle.

Step 2: Use a Drill to Create Holes

Using a drill and an appropriate bit size, create two holes at the end of the handle where the head of the axe is attached. The holes should be slightly larger than the wedge and deep enough to accommodate it. While creating the holes, be sure to keep your drill at a 90-degree angle so that the wedge fits snugly.

Using a Drill and an Appropriate Bit Size

Step 3: Insert Wedge

Once you have created two holes for the wedge, insert it into one of them with a hammer. Make sure that the wedge is seated firmly in the handle and that it is not loose. While inserting the wedge, be sure to keep it at a 90-degree angle in relation to the handle.

Step 4: Secure Wedge with Hammer

Secure the wedge in place by tapping it lightly with a hammer. You want to make sure that the wedge is firmly attached and will not come loose during use. If necessary, you can create additional holes around the wedge for better security. You can also use a file or sandpaper to remove any splinters created by the hammer.

Step 5: Attach Axe Head

Attach the axe head to the handle, making sure that it is firmly secured. This is important as a loose ax head can cause serious injury if not properly fixed. If there are any gaps between the handle and the head, you can use a file or sandpaper to fill them in.

Step 6: Test Axe

Once the axe is secured, it is important that you test it out before using it on any projects. This will ensure that the handle and head remain securely attached and that there are no other issues with the tool.

By following these steps, you will be able to easily wedge an axe handle and ensure its longevity. Wedging is a quick and easy process that doesn’t require any special skills or tools, making it the perfect DIY project for anyone looking to get their ax in working order! With your newly wedged axe handle, you can tackle any job with confidence knowing that the tool is securely held in place and won’t come loose while in use.

Attach the Axe Head to the Handle

Additional Tips and Tricks to Wedge an Axe Handle

  1. When wedging, use a wooden wedge and ensure that it is the same width as the top of the handle. This will prevent any damage to the handle while you are hammering the wedge in.
  2. Keep your hammer strikes light but firm–you don’t want to drive the wedge too deeply into the handle, or else it may split. Pay attention to the angle as you tap in your wedge, ensuring that it is perpendicular to the handle.
  3. If your axe handle has a metal ferrule around its end, use a piece of cloth or leather between the ferrule and the hammer head to prevent damage while you are wedging.
  4. After you have driven the wedge in place, check how tight it is. If it is still loose, you may need to drive the wedge in further using additional light strikes.
  5. Finally, make sure to apply wood preserver or paraffin wax over the handle and wedge after wedging is complete, as this will help protect your axe from moisture and reduce wear and tear.

Following these tips and tricks will help you wedge your axe handle correctly and securely, ensuring that it is safe to use. Happy wedding!

Things You Should Consider to Wedge an Axe Handle

Apply Wood Preserver or Paraffin Wax

1. Make sure you use an appropriate size of handle for your axe. If the handle is too small, wedging will be difficult and the axe may become dangerous to use.

2. Choose a sturdy handle material–softwood such as pine or cedar may not hold up well under regular hammering. Hardwoods such as oak or hickory are recommended.

3. Make sure the handle has a straight grain. If the grain is crooked, it may cause splitting or cracking during the wedging process.

4. The wedge should fit snugly in the axe head and handle. Use your fingers to test that there aren’t any gaps between them–if there are, you’ll need to adjust the size of the wedge to make a secure fit.

5. Use a good quality hammer for wedging–a cheap one may not have enough force to do the job.

6. Make sure you provide ample support for the axe handle when pounding in the wedge. You don’t want any part of it to break while you’re working.

7. Once you’ve nailed in the wedge, give it a few taps with the hammer to make sure it’s secure. You can also use some wood glue on the wedge for additional security.

8. When you’re finished, test out your axe by swinging it a few times–if everything is secure, then you should have yourself an axe with a good, tight handle.

9. Finally, don’t forget to sharpen your axe regularly–a sharp blade makes for easier and safer use of the tool. Be sure to use an appropriate sharpening stone or file and take proper safety precautions when doing so. By properly maintaining your axe, you can ensure it will last you many years.

Use a Good Quality Hammer

Wedge an axe handle properly, and you’ll have a durable and reliable tool to take on any task. With these tips in mind, you can make sure your axe is in good condition for years to come. Happy wedding!

Common Mistakes in Wedging an Axe Handle:

When wedging an axe handle, it is important to be aware of the common mistakes that people make in order to ensure a secure fit.

1. One mistake commonly made when wedging an axe handle is not using enough force to wedge the handle. This can cause problems as if you don’t push the wedge hard enough into the hole, it will not be secured properly.

2. Another frequent mistake is inserting too much wedge into the hole and forcing the handle out of its position. This can cause problems as if you push too hard, you may end up damaging the axe head or handle, creating an uneven pressure distribution when striking a surface.

3. Finally, another common mistake is not using a wedge with the correct shape and size for the hole in your axe. Make sure to choose the right wedge as this will ensure that you have a secure fit and can use your axe safely.

By avoiding these common mistakes when wedging your axe handle, you can ensure that your axe is secure and ready to use safely.

Precautions Need to Follow for Wedging an Axe Handle

Not Using a Wedge With the Correct Shape
  1. Wear safety glasses and gloves when attempting to wedge an axe handle.
  2. Make sure the hammer you are using is the right size for the job, as too large of a hammerhead could cause damage to the wood and metal components of your axe handle.
  3. Check that your axe handle is securely fastened by inserting a screwdriver into the hole at one end and wiggling it around.
  4. Place the wedge into the center of the axe handle where it will be most secure and stable.
  5. Tap lightly with a mallet to drive the wedge in until it is flush with the surrounding wood, ensuring that it is properly seated within the handle.
  6. Once wedged, check once more that your axe handle is securely fastened and that the wedge is firmly in place.
  7. When finished, wipe down your axe handle with a cloth to remove any debris or residue from the wedging process.

Following these precautions will help ensure that your axe handle is wedged securely and safely, giving you peace of mind and confidence when using it. So take the time to do it right – your safety depends on it!

Frequently Asked Questions

What Type of Wood Should I Use for an Axe Handle?

It is best to select a hardwood such as hickory, ash, or maple when making an axe handle. Softwoods are not recommended since the soft material may become brittle over time and cause the head of the axe to fly off during use.

How Many Wedges Should I Use?

Most experts recommend using two wedges when securing an axe handle. It is better to have two points of support than just one, and having at least two pieces of wood will help ensure that the head stays securely attached to the handle. Additionally, having multiple wedges can also help distribute the force of the axe head more evenly, which can help reduce wear and tear on the handle over time.

How Tight Should I Wedge an Axe Handle?

It is important to make sure that the handle is wedged tightly enough so that it does not come loose during use, but not too tight as this can cause unnecessary stress on the wood. Try lightly tapping the wedges in until there is a secure fit. You should also periodically check that the handle and head are still securely attached, as the wedge may become loose after extended use.

Multiple Wedges Can Also Help Distribute the Force

What Other Supplies Do I Need to Wedge an Axe Handle?

In addition to wood wedges, you will need a mallet or hammer to tap into the wedges securely. It is also recommended that you use a hardwood wax or oil to seal the handle and help protect it from water damage. Finally, make sure to have an extra set of wedges on hand in case the original ones become damaged or lost.

What Other Maintenance Tips Should I Keep in Mind?

It is important to regularly inspect the handle and the wedge joints for any signs of wear or damage. If any cracks are found, they should be immediately filled with wood putty or epoxy. Additionally, make sure to apply a fresh coat of wax or oil every few months in order to ensure that the handle remains water-resistant and strong for years to come.


As we’ve seen in this tutorial on how to wedge an axe handle, it’s incredibly important to take your time and make sure you do the job right the first time. Wedging an axe handle securely is one of the most important steps in proper axe maintenance. Make sure to use quality hardwood for your replacement handle or risk having significant issues with its performance and safety – both of which are key elements when wielding an axe.

As with all tools, regular maintenance will help keep your equipment in top form for years. To ensure a secure fit between the axe head and haft, take the appropriate measures and keep those wedges properly tightened until you use them. With the guidelines presented here, you now know wedging an axe handle correctly so that it can work efficiently and safely during your next task. Now go get out there and try it out!

Photo of author

Adrian Green

Adrian has been interested in woodworking since he was a child. His father had a woodworking shop, and Adrian would help him out and learn from him. He gained basic carpentry knowledge as well as an understanding of how to work hard and take care of business. He enjoys woodworking as a hobby. He loves the feeling of creating something with his own hands, and the satisfaction that comes from seeing his finished products used by others. So he started this blog to spread his passion and knowledge to those interested in DIY wood-working projects. He knows that with a little guidance and practice, anyone can create beautiful pieces of furniture or décor from scratch.

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